Home Fire Escape Plan

escape plan
escape ladder

Home Fire Escape Plan

Develop and Practice a Fire Escape Plan

  • Install smoke alarms on every level. Keep smoke alarms clean and dust-free, checking them monthly. Replace batteries yearly and alarms every 10 years.
  • In order to be able to react quickly to fire, draw a floor plan of your home showing all possible exits from each room.
  • Where possible, plan two exits: a main route and an alternate route from each room.
  • Since the majority of fire deaths occur while you are sleeping, you should practice your plan at night as well, getting down on your hands and knees with a flashlight while crawling to safety.
  • Make certain that everyone understands that if they hear the smoke alarm, or someone shouting "FIRE", they should immediately evacuate the home.
  • Designate a meeting place outside your home in the event of a fire.
  • Small children unable to escape should be taught to open their windows and wave an article of clothing to attract attention. Instruct them to wait at the window until someone comes and to never hide from the fire. Discuss with a fire department official whether an escape ladder would be appropriate to install.
  • Sleep with doors closed.
  • If awakened by a smoke alarm, instruct family members to feel the door for heat and check air at the bottom. If you don't smell smoke and the air is cool, kneel and open the door slowly, turning your face away from the opening. If smoke is present or the door is hot, use another exit.
  • Purchase an A-B-C fire extinguisher, whose rating is based on the fuel: 'A' originates from a wood or paper fire, 'B' is caused by flammable liquids and 'C' is an electrical fire. Learn how to use this fire extinguisher by remembering the acronym PASS. Pull the pin, Aim the extinguisher, Squeeze or press the handle and Sweep side-to-side at the base of the fire.
  • If you live in an apartment building, develop your escape plan taking into account fire escape procedures provided by building management.
  • Make sure your babysitter understands your fire escape plan.
  • Practice Your Escape Plan: regular practice is essential so that every family member knows what to do and will be able to react quickly.

Ensure that everyone in your home knows not to re-enter.
Call the Fire Department from a neighbour's home.

For more information about home fire escape planning, contact your local fire Station.

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