Fire Escape Planning

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escape plan
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Fire escape planning is essential for seniors and for anyone with a disability which may impair their ability to hear an alarm or escape from your home during a fire.

Plan ahead and practice your escape so you can address any possible issues before the arise.

  • Can't crawl on your hands and knees?
  • Not sure if your window opens?

All these should be considered before a fire happens.

Develop a home fire escape plan today...
It could save your life tonight!

If a fire occurred in your home tonight, would your family get out safely?

Everyone must know what to do and where to go when the smoke alarm sounds. Take a few minutes with everyone in your household to make a home fire escape plan, following the instructions below. Download this escape plan template to help you plan.

1. Draw a floor plan of your home:

Use the grid from the template to draw a floor plan of your home.
You should draw a plan for each level of your home.

2. Include all possible emergency exits:

Draw in all the doors, windows and stairways. This will show you and your family all possible escape routes at a glance. Include any features, such as the roof of a garage or porch that would help in your escape.

3. Show two ways out of every room:

The door will be the main exit from each room. However, if the door is blocked by smoke or fire, identify an alternate escape route, which could be a window. Make sure that all windows can open easily and that everyone knows how to escape through them to safety. If windows have security bars, equip them with quick-releasing devices.

4. Does anyone need help to escape?

Decide in advance who will assist the very young, older adults or people with disabilities in your household. A few minutes of planning will save valuable seconds in a real emergency.

5. Choose a meeting place outside:

Choose a meeting place a safe distance from your home that everyone will remember. A tree, street light or a neighbour's home are all good choices. In case of fire, everyone will go directly to this meeting place so they can be accounted for

6. Call the fire department from outside your home:

Don't waste valuable seconds calling the fire department from inside your home. Once you have safely escaped, call the fire department from a cell phone or a neighbour's home.

7. Practice your escape:

Review the plan with everyone in your household. Walk through the escape routes for each room with the entire family. Use this walk-through exercise to check your escape routes, making sure all exits are practical and easy to use. Then hold a fire drill twice a year and time how long it takes. In a real fire, you must react without hesitation as your escape routes may be quickly blocked by smoke or flames.

Remember:

  • Plan two ways out of every room, if possible.
  • Hold a fire drill twice a year
  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your home and outside all sleeping areas

If you live in a high-rise apartment building, contact the building management for information on your building's fire safety plan.
Here is some downloadable information on high-rise escape planning for people with disabilities.

Seniors Fall Prevention

Many Seniors who survive a fall never fully recover. They face chronic pain and reduced mobility which then puts them at risk for being injured or succumbing to a fire.

  • Fact: At age 65, older adults are twice as likely to be killed or injured by fires or falls compared to the population at large.
  • Fact: Thirty percent of people age 65 and older are involved in falls each year, the leading cause of death from unintentional injury in the home.
  • Fact: In the U.S. and Canada, adults age 65 and older make up about 12 percent of the population – and their numbers are increasing.

Remembering When is a Seniors Fire and Fall Prevention program. Remembering When is centered around 16 key safety messages – eight fire prevention and eight fall prevention - developed by experts from national and local safety organizations as well as through focus group testing in high-fire-risk states. Download the Remembering When Seniors Fire and Fall Prevention booklet.

Visit the websites below for more information for seniors injury control & research.
http://www.findingbalancealberta.ca/     www.nfpa.org/safety-information

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